Alopecia (baldness) in men

Many men around the world are faced with such a problem, as the loss of hair. Despite the fact that the most susceptible to alopecia namely representatives of strong half of humanity, this problem is not of a sexual nature exclusive. Women are also prone to hair loss, but because of a different genetic make-up of the female body, hair loss becomes for them so frequent. In this case, we can talk more about the exceptions to the rule. Alopecia - are more male problem (according to statistics, the ratio of men and women suffering from hair loss, is about 1:25).

With age, hair punctured both men and women. This can be considered a variant of the physiological norm (unless, of course, the cause of alopecia does not become a particular pathological process). If the hair is "leaving" his head completely or mostly, you should pay attention to this.
Causes of baldness in men.

Androgenic alopecia.

Men, as a rule, not less than the following for their appearance than women (although they do it somewhat differently), because hair loss, and even earlier, can be a real blow. Meanwhile, not always even early baldness indicates the presence of pathological processes in the body. In most cases, there is a so-called androgenic alopecia (of the order of 94-96% of all cases). In this case we are talking about a completely normal, genetically-mediated phenomenon.

Under normal conditions the hair bulb, which is responsible for the normal synthesis of fiber and structure of the hair has sufficient activity. However, there is a hormone that can suppress the activity of the hair follicles, and thus reduce their functionality. We are talking about a typically male hormone dihydrotestosterone. Each of the male level of active substance in blood as its secretion and activity differs considerably. Therefore, one has a chance to save a thick head of hair without much effort into old age, and others, are more likely to oblyseyut still in the early period (20-30 years). endocrine system activity depends on hereditary factors. So in this case we can speak of a physiologically normal hereditary baldness.

This process is not a one-time. First, there is thinning of hair (form a "bald"). The hair at the site of the defeat lose their color, are thinner and shorter. A flux of time, the process affects the other bulbs. complete baldness Dates vary, on average, it is about 8-20 years. Take measures should be in the first 7-13 years after the detection of a problem. Otherwise, the hair follicles will "healed" and finally the bulb will lose its function.

In women, the hormone is also present, but its concentration is so low that it can not damage the follicles.

Genetically caused baldness.

If androgenic alopecia only indirectly caused by genetic factors (since transferred to a predisposition to baldness due to peculiarities of the endocrine system), in this case, the hereditary factor rises to his full height. There is a special gene responsible for hair loss. He is referred to as SOX 21 and occurs in both men and women. Inheriting his sex-linked (enough to remember the basics of biology). However, the man a second X-chromosome is absent, and the risk of gene expression is significantly higher.

The foregoing is not meant that in the presence of the gene (even active) necessarily bald man. You can talk only about the probability, but the probability - high.

Alopecia symptomatic.

More rarely, if the hair starts to fall due to the development of a process in the body or because of the impact of a negative factor.

Most often causes this group include:

  • Poisoning toxins and other biologically active substances.
  • Exposure to radiation (for example, during radiotherapy of cancer patients).
  • The reception of certain drugs (rare, but the same drugs used for chemotherapy selectively affect only the active cells. The cells are capable of synthesizing the hair tissue are just such, and so get damage on par with cancer).
  • Deficiency of vitamins and minerals (often this reason there are those who sit on the diet, especially on strict).
  • Stress.
  • Diseases of the hereditary nature, etc.

This form of baldness is typical for men and women in equal measure.

Alopecia areata.

Relatively rare (less than 3% of the total number of clinical cases). In alopecia areata the hair does not fall totally. The process involves small areas (often circular shape). The reason lies in the focal baldness damaged bulbs person's own immune system. Happen patchy loss of hair follicles may be due to severe prolonged stress, burnout, infectious disease, as the effects of anesthesia and other suffering.

Scar alopecia.

It occurs more frequently (about 1.5%). When scar tissue alopecia bulbs are replaced by scar tissue, which does not possess functional qualities. Its only purpose - "patch" damaged. Cicatricial changes are the result of a fungal infection or injury. Source lesions usually - damage to the scalp.

Stages of alopecia.

How alopecia occurs, it depends on the cause of alopecia. As already mentioned, alopecia occurs mostly genetic reasons (about 95-97% of all cases), so most of the picture is typical.

Classic is a diagram describing Norwood (called the Hamilton-Norwood scale allows you to determine the stage of alopecia):

The first stage.

The first stage can go unnoticed for quite some time. At this stage, there is thinning of hair along the hairline. Hair loss in fronto-temporal lobe. As a result, along the hairline formed two recesses small size.

The second stage.

In the second stage, the process further aggravation. The depressions are more departing from the hairline to the centimeter and a half (but not more than 2). As a rule, formed recesses are symmetrical relative to each other (there are exceptions). Alopecia affects also the parietal region. Hair gradually thinned, but at this stage of baldness parietal region is not so noticeable.

The third stage.

In the third phase formed notable areas of alopecia in the frontotemporal region. In some cases, they may be partially closed hair residues (scarce). Receding hairline extend beyond the hairline at 3-4 cm.

The fourth stage.

In the fourth step in the process of balding frontal-temporal area usually terminated. It starts thinning hair in crown area (usually the hair falls out radially, forming a fifteenth "bald spots"). This stage is most common in older people, however, depending on the characteristics of hereditary factors can occur at any age. In some cases, the crown balding combined with the progression of the process in the frontotemporal region.

The fifth stage.

Hair Border separating two areas of alopecia, is becoming more rare. The lack of hair on the crown becomes clearer. Despite this, between the frontal balding crown and the band remains tight scalp. Gradually thinning hair takes an arcuate shape (from the temple to the central part of the skull, a little short of the crown and back to the temple). The initial line of hair growth is almost indistinguishable.

The sixth stage.

The boundary separating the balding crown of bald patches frontotemporal area is erased. Forms a single area of baldness. The process of moving into a new phase, affecting the area of the side and back of the head.

The seventh stage.

Final stage of male pattern baldness. Area thinning hair affects all areas. The only thing that remains - curved narrow line of hair growth from ear to ear, affecting a small area in the lower part of the neck.

It should be noted that this classification applies only stages of baldness for men. Female pattern baldness occurs in a completely different mechanism, but in the wild it occurs extremely rarely.

Baldness occurs for other reasons specific focal and clear of stages does not matter.

Preparations for the treatment of male pattern baldness.

In addition to purely cosmetic products based on plant components, there is also a lot of drugs specifically designed to combat hair loss.

Accurately predict the effectiveness of a particular agent can be quite difficult: a lot depends on the characteristics of the patient, the type of preparation and a number of other factors. Because 100% guarantee the result will not let anyone. However, the success or otherwise, subject to expert advice will surely be achieved.

Finasteride.

The release form - tablets. It allows you to effectively deal with androgenic alopecia. At the heart of the drug is blocking the excessive synthesis of DHT (dihydrotestosterone), responsible for the damage to the hair follicles. It is important to note that the use of it is allowed only men. Women Finasteride is heavy hormonal dysfunction and can cause improper development of the fetus (if used by pregnant women). Also, do not excessively "to get involved in" the preparation and men. dosage Violation will lead to insufficiency of sex hormones (hypogonadism) and abuses on the part of the reproductive system (testicular atrophy, erectile dysfunction etc.).

Overall, the drug has a marked effect. According to statistics, 90% of men who have used Finasteride, stop the balding process, at approximately 60-65%, the restoration of hair. Regardless of the dosage of the drug causes side effects - decreased libido.

Minoxidil.

Quite controversial, from a pharmacological point of view, means. It is used by both men and women. It is a topical solution. The therapeutic effect is to stimulate the hair follicles (hair start to grow again, and the weak and thinned existing improve their health).

Men recommended dose is 5%. Women - 2%, because the drug can cause excessive hair growth on the face. Minoxidil is applied twice a day.

The exact mechanism of action of this drug has not been studied until now. Originally developed as a means of hypotonic and stimulation of hair growth was a side effect.

Anthralin (Drithocreme).

Product form - cream. Unlike previous products intended mainly to combat androgenetic alopecia, this drug is used to eliminate focal baldness. How to use: Apply to the affected area, after a few minutes, rinse with water. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of focal lesions. The drug is used on a daily basis. According to medical statistics, 25% of patients who used the tool, completely get rid of alopecia lesions.

Corticosteroids.

Corticosteroids are serious hormonal agents, because they are prescribed and used should be extremely professional. It is produced in the form of creams and solution for subcutaneous injection. It stimulates hair growth in focal alopecia. The effect of treatment is achieved approximately within 1 month.

Preventing alopecia.

A huge, if not a major role in preventing the start of the process of balding play preventive measures. Contrary to popular belief, even genetically-caused alopecia can be prevented, if a man will observe a number of simple rules. As it has been repeatedly pointed out by experts, a genetically conditioned predisposition to baldness, potential. And there will be embodied in the abstract possibility of a fact - it depends on many factors, most of which man can completely control.

There are several groups of factors influencing the development of the process of baldness:

  • The image of a man's life.
  • The degree of care for the hair.

Methods of hair care products.

The frequency and intensity of interaction with adverse environmental conditions.

Lifestyle has a direct impact not only on the hair, but also on other structures of the human body: the nails, teeth, skin and others.

Lifestyle in the context of the problem comes down to three factors:

Supply system.

The predominant emotional and psychological background.

Mode of physical activity.

It is no exaggeration if we say that vitamin deficiency and lack of trace elements is often a trigger baldness. You must eat right, eat as many fresh vegetables as possible, fruits, legumes.

The most important vitamins and minerals:

  • Vitamin A - strengthens the hair, making them flexible.
  • Vitamin E - promotes normal blood circulation and nutrition of hair follicles.
  • Vitamin C - contributes to the normal growth of hair.
  • B vitamins - have a general strengthening effect.
  • Calcium - is one of the "building blocks" of the hair structure.
  • Zinc - has the same function as calcium. Without these two elements of the growth of hair and horny structures impossible.
  • Hardware - provides the transport of oxygen to the hair follicles.

Emotionally psychological background is no less important. Prolonged or frequent stress have a negative impact on the hairline. The activity of the hair follicles is greatly reduced. Therefore, the main recommendation - to avoid unnecessary stress, despite the stereotype of the Council.

It is proved that hair loss affects men more frequently exposed to physical inactivity. Moderate exercise allow for normal blood supply, and hence the power of hair.

The degree of concern about the hair - the second factor. Many men are hair care products, and for the appearance of the whole surface. This can cause excessive hair contamination. The scalp and hair needs particularly careful care. Dirty skin - a real paradise for pathogenic microorganisms and fungal agents. At the first opportunity (weakening of immunity, infectious diseases), they declare themselves, and the first signal will be hair loss.

Therefore, take care of hair men need no less carefully than women. Of course, one does not require use of tonics, conditioners and other tricky modern cosmetics. But wash your hair with shampoo 2 times a week (too often and it is not necessary, since washed away the natural protective layer of the head and hair, which can lead to irritation, dryness, and the reverse effect) is necessary. This guarantee of preserving the lush head of hair until old age.

The last two factors can be combined into one. To avoid unpleasant consequences for the hair - do not use shampoos that contain harsh chemical ingredients (surfactants, etc.). It is necessary to give preference to the most natural products with a minimum denominations of synthetic agents in the composition.

It is important to limit the use of hair dryer, it dries the scalp and hair, stripping the hair follicles natural defenses and making hair brittle.

You should also be protected from adverse environmental factors: it is not necessary "to expose the head" under the rains, etc. Sooner or later, the impact of this factor will affect the health of the hair.

By following these simple recommendations, you can never meet the described problem, and if the problem is already there - quickly to cope with it and minimize the consequences.