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All possible methods of treating alopecia: physiotherapy, surgery, the use of folk remedies

The number of varieties of baldness is great, and the variety of their manifestations in people of different sexes and ages is also great.

This causes the presence of a large number of treatment methods and the need for careful selection of them taking into account the form of the disease and the individual characteristics of the organism.

How to diagnose alopecia, whether this disease is treated or not, how to deal with alopecia? - All this and not only is in our article.


Сontent:

Symptomatics and diagnostics

Alopecia: treatment with various methods

Drug therapy

Physiotherapy

Surgery

Folk remedies

Relapses


Symptomatics and Diagnosis

Alopecia can occur at any age in people of both sexes. About the causes of hair loss, read this article.

There are very rare congenital pathologies, in which hair growth is suppressed from the very first days of life, there are forms of baldness, which only occur in old age.

Statistically, most of the manifestations of alopecia occur at an age interval of 35-50 years.

Among men and women, alopecia generally occurs with the same frequency, but male androgenic alopecia is characterized by rapid development and a significant severity of manifestations up to the complete disappearance of hair from the greater part of the head, female alopecia manifests itself less characteristically.

Androgenic alopecia has a clear division in the stage. The principle of their isolation consists in the fact that two foci of alopecia are initially formed: on the forehead and on the vertex. First, the disease develops in these outbreaks and there remains between them a "bridge" filled with healthy hair. This corresponds to the first three stages. In the next three stages, the hair from the "bridge" disappears, and the entire upper part of the head covers the bald spot, except for the temples and the occiput.

In the first few years of the course of the development of the disease in the region of the bald spot, small, rare hairs - fluffy - grow. The presence of a cannula indicates that the follicles are still viable and can produce healthy hair with proper therapy. But over time they are completely tightened by the epithelium, and the restoration of hair growth becomes possible only by surgical means.


REFERENCE! The development of female alopecia has its own characteristics. Solid bald head here is not formed even in the late stages of alopecia, but the cover becomes very rare, through which the skin is visible. Female androgenic alopecia is similar to diffuse and does not flow so hard)


Trichologist and dermatologist are responsible for the appointment of diagnostic activities. These activities include:

1. Check for infectious diseases, in particular for syphilis.

2. Blood tests: general, biochemical.

3. Examination of the hormonal system.

4. Spectral analysis of the structure of the hair.

5. Trichogram.

Alopecia: treatment with various methods.

So, how to treat alopecia? There are three directions in therapy: medicamentous, physiotherapeutic and surgical. They are listed in order of their invasiveness, that is, the depth of interference in the body. The more invasive the technique, the more effective it is, but with it the number of contraindications and side effects increases.

Medication Therapy

This therapy consists in the targeted effects of drugs for internal and external use. Than to treat an alopecia? External preparations are ointments, creams, lotions, ampoules and injections. The choice of the remedy depends on the form of alopecia.

With androgenic alopecia, Minoxidil and Finasteride are used. Minoxidil (Rogaine) is a topical drug that enhances the flow of hair follicles, which neutralizes the negative effects of hormones on them.

How to order Rogaine (Minoxidil)

To buy Minoxidil (Rogaine 5% or Rogaine 2%) visit official store:

Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar, Finpecia) is available in the form of tablets and prevents hormonal depletion of the follicles from the inside, blocking the synthesis of dihydrotestosterone.


IMPORTANT! Finasteride is indicated for use only with alopecia in men, since androgenic alopecia in women is due to the effects of other than digidotestosterone and its analogues of hormones.


In focal alopecia, corticosteroid ointments (Prednisolone) are applied to the scalp, and antihistamines and immunosuppressants are taken inside. This allows us to achieve the main goal of therapy - the removal of inflammation of an autoimmune nature, which leads to the cessation of hair growth.

Scar alopecia is eliminated by drugs that accelerate the regeneration of tissues, and anti-infectious agents.

Vitamins and minerals are most needed for a person with diffuse baldness, since it is caused by the general weakness of the body and the insufficiency of nutrients entering it. Particularly high demand for B vitamins. Necessary elements are included in shampoos (TearDe), tableted complexes (Perfectil) and ampoules.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is an external effect on the scalp during special procedures. How is baldness treated with physiotherapy? There are several procedures:

1. Electrophoresis. The medicine is applied to the electrodes, they are applied to the skin, then a current is drawn through them. Electricity increases the tone of the skin and allows the drug to easily penetrate into them without pain;

2. Darsonval. The procedure is carried out both in the salons and at home using the apparatus. Here, the main effect is also achieved by an electric current, but it is distinguished by its high frequency and low power. Due to these properties, the effect of the current alone alone is sufficient without additional administration of drugs to achieve a positive effect;

3. Cryotherapy. The scalp is treated with liquid nitrogen, which increases its tone;

4. Massage. It is held both at home and in beauty salons. How to cure baldness with this method? Home massage requires mastering the methods of stimulating the scalp with circular vibrating movements of the fingers. The salons use modern methods of massage with brushes and laser combs using aromatic oils;

5. Injections (mesotherapy). Under the skin are introduced vitamins and nutrient acids. With focal alopecia, anti-inflammatory drugs may be administered. How to treat baldness in this way? The procedures are carried out only by experienced people in salons, the treatment of alopecia at home with mesotherapy is excluded.

The disadvantages of physiotherapy include the presence of side effects. Electrophoresis and darsonval are not performed with heart diseases, mesotherapy is forbidden for allergies to injections of vitamins.

Such therapy is effective only in the early stages of alopecia and is ineffective in cases where the bald patch covers most of the head. Then only surgical intervention can help. Little benefit of physiotherapy is also in cases when baldness is caused by internal pathologies (diffuse, focal alopecia).

Surgery

This type of treatment for alopecia is the transplantation of healthy hair bulbs to the affected skin.

For the transplant, the material is taken from areas not affected by dihydrotestosterone, which makes the operation most effective for treating androgenic alopecia.

But with other forms of the disease, transplantation can be useful. The most common indication for surgery is the complete loss of follicles ability to produce hair even under favorable circumstances.

This occurs in the late stages of androgenic alopecia, as well as in the case of very rapid hair loss with toxic or traumatic effects.

In the case of particularly severe and total forms of alopecia, hair implantation is possible, which differs from transplantation in that a completely artificial material, similar in structure to a living hair, is taken here. You can choose any hair color and their length. The operation is more expensive than the price policy of transplantation.

The procedure itself lasts 2-3 hours. In the case of a positive skin reaction to new hair, they completely take root and begin to grow on their own within two weeks.


ATTENTION! However, the risk of skin rejection of new material is great - it does not take root, the bulbs will not support hair growth, they will quickly fall back again. Even if such effective methods prove to be useless, a person has to accept the presence of a bald spot.


Folk remedies

If there is no possibility to buy tableted vitamins, you should change your diet so that nutrients come in a sufficient number from the food. Fatty foods are excluded, more fruits and vegetables are added, especially radishes, beets, carrots, horseradish. A good help in the fight against the disease will be freshly squeezed juices.

From vegetables and fruits are made lotions for external rubbing. For example, when treating hair with onion from alopecia: carefully crush it and rub it into the scalp. Onions are known for their toning properties. Poppy and burdock oils can be added to the shampoo or applied as a mask.

This is the most complete answer to the question: "How to cure alopecia?"

Relapses

Alopecia is not a well-studied disease, scientists have not yet developed a technique that would guarantee a one hundred percent cure.

Especially unpredictable is the development of focal alopecia due to its autoimmune nature.

Androgenic alopecia, too, is not always eliminated with a 100% guarantee, as the hormonal system can malfunction in different directions, and hair transplantation is not always effective because of the risk of rejection of the transplanted material. About the methods of hair transplantation read in our other article.

The possibility of relapse depends on the person himself. If he does not lead a healthy lifestyle and follow the prescribed therapy, the results of any treatment may become worthless, and the process of hair loss will begin with a new force.


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