Alopecia - SOS! - Hair loss

Every man has his weak spot, determined by genetic or acquired.

Someone under the influence of adverse factors of hypertensive crisis occurs, someone has problems begin with the gastrointestinal tract, and someone suddenly noticed increased hair loss (alopecia).

With the latest challenge facing, according to statistics, every second (approximately 60% of men and 58% women).

Types of alopecia

No scarring alopecia forms can be divided into diffuse and focal. To diffuse concerns anagen and telogen alopecia - the names of defined phases of hair growth, during which there is a loss.

Anagen alopecia

Anagen - this active growth phase, when the hair associated with papillary area, through which it receives nutrients and continuously increasing for several centimeters per day.

Hair loss occurs in the anagen phase due to the toxic effects on the cells is how, for example, radiation or chemotherapy. After this treatment the hair grow back on their own, often becoming even stronger than they were before treatment.

Reason anagen alopecia is often known in advance even the most patient.
Much more difficult is the case with alopecia telogen.

Telogen - this phase loss and the gradual dying off of the hair, during which the hair root loses contact with the papillary area and pin it slowly moves to the surface of the skin. At the same time in the same place (in the growth zone) emerging new hair, and everything is repeated.

Anagen normally lasts 2-5 years, and telogen - 3-6 months.

The main part of the hair on the head in a healthy person is in the anagen phase, and only 15% - in the loss phase. Unlike animals, man is not molting process and change of hair is seamless.

Only under the influence of adverse factors, leading to disruption of the hair supply, a situation may arise where goes a lot of hair in the telogen phase than usual. Starting torque can be stress, infection with high fever, surgery, childbirth, abortion, use of antibiotics, any increased load on the body.

But because the hair after exposure did not fall the next day, and kept on his head long enough (3-6 months) may be difficult to remember what was the cause of hair loss.

Sometimes the cause still remains unclear. Later, the fact of hair loss becomes a stress, a vicious circle develops, and the process is delayed.

When conducting a special study - Micro Video diagnostics when studying the roots of the hair under a microscope - is determined by a large number of telogen hair.

Among other forms of alopecia occurs most often androgenetic alopecia. In women hair loss male pattern (androgens) are usually associated with increased testosterone in the blood (absolute or relative), so in addition to hair loss on the head they can have excessive hair growth on the face, thighs, shoulders, abdomen white line.

Often, these same women are affected by acne, even into adulthood, and their hair quickly become greasy and require frequent washing. In the initial stages of androgenetic alopecia thinning becomes noticeable parting, later going on a diffuse thinning of hair in the frontoparietal area.

In men, androgenetic alopecia is the most common problem.

Almost every second or third in men aged over 23 years is a "habitual pattern baldness." The name "androgenetic alopecia" indicates that the main role is played by heredity, the inheritance occurs both paternal and maternal. And the hormone testosterone is not important, because most of its level is OK.

But this form of alopecia revealed an increased sensitivity of hair follicles receptors frontoparietal area to normal levels of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) or an increased activity of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase, which converts testosterone to DHT. By itself, a genetic predisposition may not cause alopecia.

The main provoking factors can be the liver disease, severe stress, urogenital diseases (prostatitis, urethritis).
Androgenetic alopecia develops slowly over several years, gradually thinning hair become weaker, shorter phase of their growth, and the rapid loss is not observed.

A person can not often exactly remember when coming out began. The men initially formed receding hairline in the frontal region and hotbed of alopecia in the parietal area. Gradually increase the hair loss area, capturing all the fronto-parietal region, but almost never goes back on his head, where the follicles do not have an increased sensitivity to DHT.

During the Video diagnostics of micro miniature bulbs look, rods thinned determined varying degrees of degeneration bulbs.

There is another rare form of alopecia, which is a serious health issue, - alopecia areata. The reasons for it are not exactly known, but accumulated a lot of evidence about the autoimmune nature of the disease.

This means that for some reason, the body forms antibodies to their own hair. The trigger point for the development of alopecia areata may be the stress, physical trauma, infection and genetic predisposition (described cases of alopecia areata in twins, parents and children).

In this disease there is limited focus or foci of alopecia may be complete hair loss (including vellus hair) on the entire surface of the skin. It happens suddenly, it would seem, among the total well-being. Just suddenly hair can re-grow, and then fall again.

At the same time there can be overgrowth of focus in one place and the emergence of a new focus in the other. Hair how to live their own lives. Almost one in four patients with nail changes are - from mild to severe dystrophy, manifested in the form of striations or roughness.

Diagnosis of the disease

For the correct diagnosis at the reception held trichologist detailed patient questioning, clarified the features of its food, health, hair care, genetic factors. Then, holding the micro Video diagnostics required by a modern computerized system.

This method allows you to display the computer screen magnified under a microscope section of the hair or the hair follicle, carefully examine the condition of the scalp.

When alopecia is important to detect empty, but still alive hair follicles from which during the treatment grow new hair. Examination of the hair follicles taken from different areas of the head makes it possible to identify the influence of hormonal factors.

You can also determine the severity of seborrhea, the quantity and quality of sebaceous secretion. For seborrheic component is necessarily in need of correction. Specific changes may be in the bulbs with hypothyroidism, a hormonal imbalance, which are the main culprits of persistent hair loss.

The effects of stress is also reflected in the picture of the hair shaft - visible constriction zone. And if a few such areas, it is likely to stress a person has acquired a chronic course. Sometimes you can see the reason for hair breakage - hereditary pathology rod.

Previously we recommended to conduct another survey - Trichogramma. It involves the removal of a sharp movement with a special clip 100 hairs from the root, and then - in a detailed counting of anagen and telogen hair. In normal anagen phase should be 85% of the hair, it allowed 15% in telogen phase.

It telogen hair is lost when washing and combing. Allowed to 80-100 hair loss per day. Currently, this calculation is carried out in a shortened version, because usually the patient, hard to lose hair, not ready to leave immediately with 100 hairs. The approximate ratio of anagen and telogen hair can be determined by micro Video diagnostics.

When enhanced hair loss telogen follicles number always increases, and the anagen phase shortens. Hair falls out prematurely, the follicle does not have time to recover and reach a normal size, and as a result produces a weaker thin hair. In addition, when Micro Video diagnostics are determined by degenerative changes of bulbs in the form of deformation, reducing the size and hypopigmentation. bulbs dystrophy often develops at different deficient states.

And the deficit is experiencing the whole body, not just the hair. It may be lack of protein, fatty acids and minerals.
For the study of mineral metabolism using a modern method of spectral analysis of hair (mineralogramma). Method atraumatic very informative.

To start with the back of the head is sheared small strands of hair length of 3-4 cm, to analyze the exchange over the past 3-4 months. Then in laboratory conditions the hair tested for mineral content elements 23 (as essential and toxic), and then analyzed in detail all the detected deviations. If you detect minerals in the blood test, the judge their level is only possible on the day of the study.

Hair, by virtue of the fact that they constantly grow and lose touch with the point of growth, is the likeness of the battery. Deficiency detected by hair analysis is chronic.

It proved that the mineral metabolism disorders (lack of calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium) is always accompanied by skin disorders, hair, reduction of immunity, and allergic diseases. A correction of violations improves health and promotes healing. Such a study can be recommended virtually everyone.

After receiving the results of mineral exploration and identification of deficit a course correction monotherapy essential minerals, taking into account the synergy and antagonism minerals.

After the reception at the same time incompatible minerals will lead to poor absorption of them. Antagonists are minerals such as zinc and copper, zinc and iron, magnesium, manganese, calcium and iron, calcium, iodine, calcium, copper, potassium and copper, potassium and iron.

Studies on vitamin deficiency is common practice not carried out. Vitamins are selected additionally taking into account their synergy (interaction) with certain minerals. For example, when zinc deficiency is not enough, and vitamin A, and vitamin E is needed for the absorption of selenium is better to take the entire spectrum of vitamins in the required dosage that the doctor will recommend. intensive course correction is carried out for 4-6 months, after which the mineral exploration can be repeated. With this treatment the body does not get anything extra, and the effect of the therapy increases.

Apart from the purely tricology inspection patient with alopecia always require consultation of other medical specialists to identify internal causes of hair loss. Women are recommended consulting a gynecologist, endocrinologist, a pelvic ultrasound. In order to identify anemia carried out general analysis of blood. Do as biochemical analysis of blood to detect latent anemia and determine the function of the liver was examined hormones. Sometimes men need to urological examination to detect the source of infection.

Therapy

When diagnosed, it raises the question of the treatment. In establishing a common disease, such as thyroid dysfunction, prescribe specific treatment. Triholog also gives the patient recommendations.

In the treatment of androgenic alopecia agents used as non-specific and specific antiandrogenic therapy. From "natural" anti-androgens, which block the activity of 5-alpha-reductase, the most famous palmetto extract Serenoa repens. It is safe, and can be used in women (not only during pregnancy).

Assign this extract into a food additive.
The opposite effect is androgen female sex hormones - estrogens. However, synthetic estrogens produce serious side effects (promote the development of phlebitis and formation of tumors).

Therefore, use of such deprived of the effects of phytoestrogens, affect the same receptors that estrogen, activating them. They are much weaker, but beneficial effect on the skin and have anticancer activity. By phytoestrogens include extracts of hops, seeds and skin of grapes (Pycnogenol), wild yam, verbena, red clover, soybeans and alfalfa. They can be taken orally or rinse their hair decoction.

Treatment of alopecia can not be imagined without the use of external funds, and is currently in the arsenal trichologists have enough effective drugs. Typically in the treatment of male forms of alopecia conducted 30 procedures (2 times a week), in women - about 20 treatments. The growth of new hair becomes noticeable to the 15th procedure.

Enough is effective in any forms of alopecia, mesotherapy, when using a fine needle injected intradermally different drug cocktails with vitamins, stimulating factors. Cocktail is delivered directly to the hair follicle area location, improving nutrition, circulation and local immunity. These procedures are carried out 1 time a week long course.

In tricology office conditions using herbal medicine and using darsonvalization, Ultratontherapy, massage the scalp.
Some areas (in particular, the frontal receding hairline) quite difficult to treat. In this form of alopecia, it is advisable to connect the surgeons and plan for a hair transplant. Modern techniques allow you to create a uniform distribution of the transplanted follicles. This piece of work that gives a good cosmetic result.

The main thing with the appearance of increased hair loss, alopecia them - not to delay access to a doctor. The sooner treatment is started, the easier it is to stop the process and a better chance to restore the old hair density.
Treatment of diffuse telogen alopecia - the most rewarding occupation. The effect of therapy can wait no longer, and is a long-term, if the impact of adverse factors will not be repeated.

In androgenetic alopecia have to tune in to a long (at least six months) treatment, and the density of the hair to restore men completely fails.
alopecia treatment should always be integrated with the use of different means and methods that are effective in this embodiment. It is better if it is carried out under the supervision of a physician trichologist, but is not an endless search for "miracle cures."