What are the symptoms of male pattern baldness?

Hair loss occurs when a day turn out more than 100 head hairs. Depending on the cause hair loss symptoms at certain points of the head to show or be distributed over the entire head. From an alopecia speaking doctors, if the hair is visible thinning or there are bald patches.

Hair Loss Symptoms

Hair loss can manifest itself differently. Depending on the cause, it can be associated with other symptoms such as itching or nail changes.

The most common form of hair loss: Androgenetic alopecia (hair loss caused by the installation)

If the hair loss takes place according to the following pattern in men, it is most likely an androgenetic alopecia: first the hair thin at the temples and forehead. So-called receding hairline and in the course of a receding hairline form. Furthermore, it comes to thinning hair at the top back of the head, tonsured arises. The bald spots enlarge and coalesce until only a fringe of hair at the bottom of the back of the head and temples left. This pattern does not mean that every man with a receding hairline is irrevocably develop bald.

How far is the hair loss in the affected comes with a receding hairline, can be difficult to predict. Some men may develop 20-30 in age, while some 70-year-old up to receding hairlines had to endure no hair loss bald already. The majority of men over 70 (about 80 percent), however, is clear from the hair loss affected (more on this in the chapters "causes" and "therapy").

Women can also get an androgenetic alopecia. Up to 50 percent of all women over 50 years, but even younger women have at least minimal to do with it. The majority of women complained enhanced hair thinning in the crown area, some with increased hair shedding accompanied. However, this may not be filled. A few women develop a similar pattern baldness as men, but not as pronounced.In both sexes, the androgenetic alopecia makes some noticeable already in their teens with the typical for each of them the first sign.

Diffuse hair loss

In diffuse hair loss, the hair on the entire head evenly "thin", ie are no longer so dense scalp shines through more than was previously the case. However, individual bald spots can not be seen (more on this in the chapter "causes").

Alopecia areata: Mostly round, bald spots

In alopecia areata, the alopecia areata, form usually relatively quickly or relapsing single, round, hairless spots: the hair of the head, more rarely in the beard, the face or the body hair. On the bald spots, the tiny pores of the hair ducts reveal. That they are still visible, is a sign that the hair can grow back again in principle. At the edge of the hairless spots usually are short, broken hairs, called "exclamation point" - or "comma hairs". Also nail changes, such grooved nails, occur in alopecia areata.

Alopecia areata affects mainly children and young adults. In many cases, the hairs grow back within about six to twelve months of himself. A recurrence of the disease is possible, however. Sometimes only fall from the pigmented hair, already existing, but has hardly been incurred gray hairs remain. This gives the impression that the person concerned turns gray within a short time.

The hairless spots can also merge and the entire head (alopecia areata totalis) or even the entire body (alopecia areata universalis) concern. This is not favorable because the hair loss often stops (more on this in the chapters "causes" and "therapy"). As ophiasis type a Alopecia areata is called, in which the hair band-shaped turn in the neck and along the hairline on the sides and to the front. This can also be associated with a chronic course. And although it sounds contradictory: A diffuse form of alopecia areata without individual bald spots (alopecia areata diffiusa or incognita) is also possible.

Scarring alopecia: No hair regrowth

Various diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, or diseases of the skin (such as localized scleroderma) or the scalp, for example, fungal infections or psoriasis, can cause hairless herd at some places sometimes. Then occur depending on the cause may require additional symptoms, such as itching, redness or flaking. If the hair follicle is destroyed and the scalp scarred, grows on the affected area no more hair upon.

A rare special form of scarring alopecia is the Pseudopelade Brocq (alopecia atrophic; Atrophic is fading, pelade for scarring hair loss). The irregularly shaped, small hairless spots develop slowly, usually within two years. Mainly affects adults, women are three times as often as men, but also children can fall ill. Even if the hair on the affected areas no longer grows: The disease process may come to a halt.

Androgenetic alopecia (hereditary hair loss)

In hereditary hair loss, the hair and hair follicles as a whole becoming thinner at certain points of the head and the hair density decreases.The androgenetic alopecia causes differing according to sex Symptoms: Doctors refer to a typical male and typical female pattern.How fast and far progresses of hair loss varies from person to person but very different. Men lose usually first in the frontal and superior temporal region hair - are formed so-called receding hairline. Proceeds androgenetic alopecia, falling in the course often more hair from the upper back of the head (vortex or vertex region) and in the forehead. Finally, the bald areas of both regions closer gradually until a vertex baldness occurs.

Most men who suffer from hereditary hair loss, lose their hair according to this pattern.Women lose usually mainly in the area of the center parting hair. With them rarely arise bald spots - rather, the hair is getting thinner, so that the scalp is visible.

Which hair loss per day can be considered normal?

On average, each person loses per day between 70 and 100 hairs. This natural hair loss is important so that new hair can form and the hair health is maintained. Here, the hair roots remained generally in the scalp, allowing the hair to grow back. This change will be no hair loss in the true sense and bald spots do not form. However, If a higher loss of head hair and grow the fallen hairs not to a sufficient extent by, then one speaks of hair loss. This may for example be genetic, hormonal or disease. There may be a temporary problem but be a permanent state also. By thinning hair often expectant dissatisfaction arises among those affected. But in many cases this can be remedied, or it can be achieved significant improvements. However, since there are different causes of hair loss, it is important to know the exact reasons for the hair loss. Are the causes clarified, then can often achieve significant improvements with the right treatment.

Is baldness hereditary?

Considering different families, then you come to believe that hair loss could be hereditary. If the father has thinning hair or bald, then the Son often suffers from hair loss. This can be felt or already break out early before the age. This well-known phenomenon is often justified by the androgenetic alopecia. It occurs in about 80 percent of men and about 50 percent of all women and is often associated with aging. However, young people are affected, resulting in usually a strong discomfort. The androgenetic alopecia is known as hereditary hair loss, because it occurs more frequently in some families. In this case, the probability of an early stage to note the first signs increases. In men, these were the so-called receding hairline, which increase over time. Whereas women notice the first loss of hair often in the area of the center parting but also at the temples. The cause of this the androgenetic alopecia is a hypersensitivity of Haarfolliken to the hormone DHT. The hormone is produced by the conversion of testosterone, which men are affected more frequently. In women, the problem often occurs after menopause.

What roles hormones in hair loss?

A common way for hair loss are hormonal changes. Although people had has years over full hair, the hair begins abruptly fail. It can occur at specific points smaller or larger bald patches that can but just as quickly disappear again. Once the hormonal balance has been adjusted again, or were identified and fixed the cause of the hormone disequilibrium, is usually again a normal hair growth. Hormonal changes occur in many situations, such as, among other things during pregnancy, at menopause or by taking medication. For example, contraceptives cause of the sudden onset of hair loss can be. To make sure that hormones for the changes and determine the exact cause, it is important to consult a doctor.

What are the symptoms?

An incipient baldness does not always have noticeable immediately by bald patches. Sufferers may also first increased hair loss and notice, for example when brushing or washing the hair to lose a large amount of hair. The changes can be slow, so the first symptoms are often overlooked. Finally, there is generally the formation of the first balding spots. but it is also possible that the head hair is sparse in the whole, without having individual points can be located. For example, if stress as a cause to reason, then the hair loss does not have to be continuous, but may be some times more than at other times.

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