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What is alopecia in children: signs, types of disease and the causes of child alopecia

children alopeciaIn most cases, small children are born without a scalp.

If the parents notice the small tussles of the child, then do not attach any importance to it.

However, with adulthood, the focus without hair does not disappear, and in some cases increases. In this case, we can safely talk about alopecia.

Despite the fact that this disease is more common among adults (both in women and men), alopecia in childhood is also found. What is it and how to deal with it? Let's try to answer the questions.


What is alopecia in children? Types of the disease

Signs of child baldness

Causes and risk factors



Folk methods

When will the recovery come?

What is alopecia in children? Types of the disease

Alopecia - partial or complete hair loss in such areas as the head, eyebrows, eyelashes.

Pediatric alopecia is of several types:

1. Physiological. The name speaks for itself and occurs quite often in children under the age of one year. At this age they spend most of the time in a supine position, therefore, from constant friction, there are bald patches in the back of the neck. As a rule, the syndrome passes in the first months of life.

Physiological alopecia

2. Congenital appears from birth. Often this is due to a violation that has arisen in the mother's body. What is the cause of baldness in children? Typically, this is the complete absence of hair follicles.

Congenital alopecia in children

3. Heredity is also of great importance. If a healthy baby is born to sick parents, the disease can manifest itself at any age. Children are more vulnerable in transitional ages.

4. Telogenetic is very rare and occurs after severe illness with high fever.

Telogenetic alopecia in children

5. Focal can appear at any age and acts as a patch without hair. It can vary in size and temporarily disappear. The cause of its occurrence is a violation of the immune system.

Focal alopecia in children

6. Universal is extremely rare and involves total alopecia in a child of all skin areas.

Signs of child baldness

In fact, the signs of child alopecia do not differ from the signs of alopecia in adults and depend on the type of disease.

- for example, in focal alopecia, there are areas of circular shape, on which the hair is completely absent;

- the physical provides for complete alopecia of the area, which is constantly affected, or perhaps a partial lack of hair and a change in their structure;

- with universal alopecia, hair is completely absent, while not only the head, but also the entire body as a whole - lashes, eyebrows, hands, etc., suffers.

The following indicators can also serve as indicators:

- thickening of the root of the hair, exhaustion of hair length. Due to this, the hairs are brittle and easily fall down;

- occurrence of peeling or itching in the area of alopecia;

- a change in the structure of the hair as a whole and the expansion of the hair follicle.

ATTENTION! In fact, there are a lot of signs, they all depend on the form and type of allopecia.

Causes and risk factors

If we talk about the causes of the disease and risk factors, it is enough to consider only the most common of them:

1. Genetic predisposition. Those. the presence of the disease in the parents.

2. Congenital changes that occurred in the womb of the mother.

3. Changes in the work of the body. These include the functioning of the thyroid gland and the immune system.

4. Conduct aggressive treatment, for example, chemotherapy.

5. Physical effects - injuries or surgical intervention.

6. Changes in the body's work related to malnutrition and lack of necessary vitamins.


Children alopecia DiagnosticsIn order to identify the cause of the disease, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

First you need to visit a dermatologist who will send you to such specialists as endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, neurologist, trichologist, etc.

Why such a list of doctors? Alopecia is a disease that can provoke a lot of deviations.

Therefore, for effective treatment, a survey is assigned to all specialists.

For diagnostics, various blood tests are performed, ultrasound of the thyroid gland, digestive tract organs are appointed, and, of course, various studies for revealing the skin condition - PCR ("polymerase chain reaction"), computer diagnostics, etc.


To treat alopecia in children, various methods and means are prescribed. Each situation is individual and requires a certain approach. In most cases, it is enough to take various vitamins. The problem of treatment also is that only a few drugs are shown to children, so it is necessary to solve the problem cautiously.


- for children under three years of age, use ointments, creams that promote hair growth. They are quite small and they are all made on the basis of natural components - plants and organisms;

- in adolescence, you can already apply such procedures as Darsonval, Ultraviolet irradiation, various injections.

It is also recommended in the complex to take psychotropic It is necessary to abandon such methods, which are intended only for adults. It is especially cautious to use various injections, as they can scare the baby. For infants should not use masks on vegetable ingredients, they can cause an allergic reaction.drugs that normalize the work of the nervous system. They include a common extract of valerian or other soothing agents.

Folk methods

If you want to resort to folk remedies, then they also exist. Someone rubs the burdock oil into the roots of the hair and leaves it under the cap for a few minutes and then rinses. Someone rubs on the scalp the infusion of pepper, which is able to "wake up" the hair follicles. Also known are recipes using mustard and red pepper with alopecia. However, these prescriptions should be used with caution, since if you get into the eyes, you may develop unpleasant consequences.

When will the recovery come?

Alopecia recoveryUnfortunately, it is quite difficult to talk about the terms of treatment. Each situation is individual. In some cases, it is enough to conduct treatment within a week, and after that, the first signs of recovery appear.

In more complex situations, the treatment of alopecia requires several months, and sometimes years. On average, for a full recovery the child requires a period of 6 months.

If we talk about the frequency of procedures, then they are held regularly, at least once a week. If treatment does not help, then do not despair.

It is necessary to wait, in some cases the disease passes by itself. Also at a more mature age, various procedures are available.

IMPORTANT! Despite the fact that baldness in children on the head delivers a lot of discomfort, do not despair. First of all, it is worth trying to cope with the problem at the psychological level.


Let's not forget about the hair, let's take care of them, and at the same time watch our health!
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